Source code, of course, is the foundation of any software development practice. Managing this source code is the first task handled by modern software development pipelines, as all subsequent stages of the pipeline depend on the source code for their success and functionality. Thus, it is critical that the source code is managed properly without introducing bottlenecks or flaws into the delivery pipeline. To do this, there are some best practices to follow when interacting with source code.
Commit to changes regularly
While this may seem obvious, Often done in moderation, as most developers tend to commit only after making a major change. The frequency of the commit depends on the workflow and it is acceptable to commit only after major modifications if that commit triggers another task.
However, it is best to make changes – even small ones – regularly. It not only keeps an auditable change history, but also enables easy comparisons of troubleshooting commits and ensures that the code is updated with a version control system (VCS). However, this does not mean that users have to make commitments for every small change; Instead, adapt a development style that includes recurring commitments as part of the workflow. Even if there are many commitments, most VSCs provide users with the option to combine several commitments into a single commitment using a new rule for better management.
Always make sure the repository is up to date
Most of the time, development is a team effort with many developers working on a single database. Thus, there will be frequent updates to the source code. So it is always advisable to use git pull or fetch to get an updated version of the code before making any changes. This practice not only mitigates merge conflicts, but also helps users to avoid errors while pushing the code, such as “Failed to push some rulers toErrors that occur when the local copy of the repository is behind the remote.
Create detailed commitment letters
Commitment letters should be meaningful and include the ability of anyone reading the letter to quickly understand the reason for the commitment. It doesn’t mean that users should create lengthy commit messages; Instead, they should describe the commitment in a concise and meaningful way. The commit message should include why the code was committed and not how it was determined by comparing files.
a Good Commitment Letter It can include details such as a bug fix ID or a requirements ID, which refers to code change specifications in project management platforms such as Jira and Azure Boards.
Review changes before commit
Always make sure to check your code before making commits – this is a must if you’re committing to a shared repository. Code reviews are usually part of the delivery pipeline before the code is integrated with the master branch or a specific repository via a review or pull request system.
Code reviews put a second set of eyes on code modifications and help spot any problems in the code. It also serves as a quality control mechanism that organically helps improve overall code quality while helping to raise awareness of every change in the code.
Executing the appropriate workflow
Adequate workflow with standardized practices must be implemented across the development team even while using the Source Code Management (SCM) tool. Some considerations for a standardized workflow:
- Define branching strategy and branching best practices such as naming conventions for specific development types. For example, using a prefix to indicate the type of development or bug fixing feature
- Ensure proper use of domains to determine who can access each repository
- Ensure that the review workflow includes the users who have the final say in the review process and the appropriate authorization to incorporate the changes.
A properly defined workflow describes the entire cycle of source code management from creating new branches to making changes, and finally integrating the code into the master branch after revision. This process helps organizations simplify end-to-end code management by driving users to follow a specific workflow. This can also help easily onboard new developers.
Implement appropriate security practices
This practice goes hand in hand with appropriate workflows, as security will be a primary consideration when defining a workflow. You should start from the developer Authentication and authorization, which controls who has access and what areas of source code they can access. Additionally, security practices should provide visibility into all user activity with auditable paths to identify any unusual activity in the source code.
Security practices coupled with a A good backup and disaster recovery strategy Necessary for the continuous operation of the development pipeline.
Best practices can help developers manage their source code securely and efficiently. Correctly implementing the source code management system will result in fewer issues in the earlier stages of the pipeline and ensure smoother operation in the long run.